A well-balanced diet is essential for general health and well-being. Everything you eat has a positive or negative influence on the organs and various processes in your body.
Your diet also plays a role in the quality of sleep and stress levels. An important part of a well-balanced diet is the consumption of fruit and vegetables. Fruits are rich in vitamins, minerals, antioxidants and other vital nutrients.
While some fruits are known to all, others are not. One of these lesser-known fruits is jujube, nicknamed to help you sleep better and manage stress.
What is Jujube Fruit?
The jujuba or jujube fruit originated in China. They are also known by other names. It is a small, red, round fruit with a sweet taste and edible skin. For thousands of years, this fruit has been used as a remedy for a wide range of health conditions.
Nowadays, the popularity of jujube in Western countries continues to grow as more and more people become aware of the incredible benefits of the fruit.
Jujube belongs to the Rhamnaceaeor Spincervino family and has been cultivated for over 4000 years. It is important to remember that there are about 400 varieties of jujube. Although jujube trees are very resistant and can thrive even in extreme temperature conditions, they prefer sunny and warm areas.
The jujube fruits are red inside and out, with a crisp texture and a sweet taste with an acidic note, similar to apple.
Information About Jujube Fruit
Nutritional Content of Jujube
Jujube fruits are very nutritious, which is why you should make sure you start eating them. For example, 100g of jujube contains:
- Calories: 79;
- Carbohydrates: 20 g;
- Protein: 1.2 g;
- Potassium: 250mg;
- Fat: 0.2 g;
- Vitamin C: 69 mg (115% RDV or recommended daily value);
- Niacin: 0.9 mg (4% RDV);
- Vitamin B6: 0.1 mg (4% RDV);
- Copper: 0.1 mg (4% RDV);
- Manganese: 0.1 mg (4% RDV);
- Iron: 0.5 mg (5% RDV).
Scientists have identified eight flavonoids in jujube, including spinosin and swertish, which are known for their sedative properties and the main reason why jujube fruits have been used to treat insomnia in traditional Chinese medicine.
In addition, jujube contains 18 amino acids that help the formation of about 50,000 proteins in the body.
Jujube: Health Benefits
Jujubes are associated with a wide range of health benefits, including:
- Anti-cancer – Evidence suggests that jujube extract may suppress human cancer cell lines, particularly a leukemia line. In addition, jujube is rich in antioxidants that destroy free radicals and prevent oxidative damage. One of the most serious consequences of oxidative damage is cancer
- Gastrointestinal health – regular daily consumption of jujube improves the gastrointestinal environment and reduces exposure of the intestinal mucosa to toxic ammonia and other harmful compounds
- Constipation relief – if you fight with constipation, then eating jujube is an effective and natural way to alleviate that problem
- Rich in vitamin C – as seen above, jujube fruit is abundant in vitamin C which acts as an antioxidant, strengthens your immune system and improves your overall health
- Blood pressure management – thanks to a decent potassium content, jujubes can help in the management of blood pressure in subjects with hypertension
- Young skin – thanks to vitamin C and jujube flavonoids, the skin can look young and radiant
What About Insomnia And Stress?
About insomnia and stress, in Chinese medicine, jujubes and their seeds are praised for their ability to cure common sleep problems such as insomnia.
Thanks to flavonoids, this fruit can help you rest well at night. In addition, jujube contains saponin which gives it the ability to act as a natural sedative and have a relaxing effect on the entire nervous system.
A study conducted by Chinese scientists found that saponin in jujube showed an effective sedative and hypnotic function, which can be used to help people fall asleep. In fact, jujube can help you sleep better without medication.
Also, jujube is famous for having a relaxing effect on a person’s mind and body. This is the main reason why they have been used as natural antidepressants, anti-stress and anti-anxiety food.
The Journal of Ethnopharmacology published research that found that jujubes have anti-anxiety benefits when taken in low doses and sedative effects when taken in high doses.