Transplanting a rose is a frequent operation as roses are flowering plants that are very easy to grow and for this reason they are often chosen as an embellishment of public and private gardens.
The rose, of the family Rosaceae, is a genus which includes about 150 species, subdivided in several varieties, which vary in height from 20 cm to several metres, includes bushy species, sarmentose, climbing plants, creeping plants, shrubs and saplings with big or small flowers, with small bunches, panicles or solitary, single or double, achene fruits contained in a false fruit.
They give a lot of satisfaction to the lovers of gardening, who can choose among many types and varieties, all equally beautiful and suitable for the climatic conditions of our territory.
There are over thirty wild species in Italy, of which we remember the Rosa canina that we know as the most common, the Rosa gallica, the Rosa glauca that is very present in the Alps, the Rosa pendulina and the Rosa. sempervirens.
They are particularly sensitive to being moved, but with the proper care, you can continue to enjoy their beauty for years without negative effects.
When Should Roses Be Transplanted? Autumn Or Spring?
Let’s learn the right technique to transplant roses and make no mistakes with the queen of flowers.
Usually, the transplantation of roses depends on where you live. In areas with warmer climates, for example, it might be better to transplant them in autumn, while in regions with colder climates they discover that transplanting rose bushes is an easier task in spring.
As roses are sensitive to shock, it is advisable to move them while they are in the dormant phase (late winter or early spring).
When transplanting rose bushes in spring, wait until all threats of cold or frost have passed. The soil should be warm and manageable.
Tips for Transplanting a Rose Bush
Before you move a rose bush, there are some important things to know. Roses thrive in areas with fertile soil and enriched with organic matter.
They also require a lot of sun and water. Having said that, we recommend that you keep this in mind and make sure you transplant roses to similar places and conditions.
Always prepare the bed of soil before planting, working with plenty of compost. The hole should be at least 15 inches wide and enough to hold the rootball and root system (about 12 inches or so).
Build a small pile of earth in the center of the hole where your rose bush will sit. Rose bushes should be watered thoroughly for about two days before transplanting. For best results, choose a cloudy day for transplanting the rose bushes.
How to Transplant Roses?
In addition to knowing when, transplanting rose bushes is best when the preparation takes place in advance, it is important to know how in addition to when, transplanting a rose bush.
Once the hole has been properly prepared and the rose has been watered abundantly, you’re ready to move it. Dig about 12 inches around the bush and about 15 inches deep.
Carefully raise the root ball, taking as much soil as possible with it. Place the bush in the hole on the mound, widening the roots.
The rose bush should be sitting slightly above ground level. Fill around the rose bush with half of the excavated soil.
Then water it thoroughly, letting it fill and drain before refilling with the remaining soil.
Press firmly to remove any air pockets.
After sowing, prune the rose back as far as possible using the angled cuts and removing any sharp, unsightly or weakened branches. Continue to keep the bush well drained by watering it in the right way. To ensure a clean cut of the parts without crushing, always use a suitable gardening tool such as shears or gardening scissors.
When Planting Roses
Buying a potted rose from a nursery allows you to plant it any month of the year, but for planting and planting in the garden, choose the period between autumn and spring.
The rose needs care and attention to grow prosperous and luxuriant.
It should be planted in a sunny and aerated place, where you can have at least 5-6 hours of direct sunlight, to facilitate flowering.
If, on the other hand, you want to grow roses from seeds, you can buy them or, if you already have roses, extract them from the cinorroids, i.e. the berries produced by the rose after flowering.
Each rose produces these “false fruits” at different times. Keep the seeds in a damp place and wait until February to sow them.
When the good weather arrives, it leaves the seeds soaking in water all night long and then seeding them in a peat and sand substrate.
If you want to fertilize your soil in a natural way, you can use coffee grounds and banana peels, which you can chop and bury.
Another remedy is to create a mulch with pieces of bark and dried leaves, to protect your roses from the winter cold and this applies to both garden plants and potted plants.
Roses in Literature
Roses are exceptional plants but require a lot of care to ensure their vigor and health.
“What’s in a name? What we call a rose by another name always retains its scent.
Who does not know this famous phrase that William Shakespeare has his protagonist say in the tragedy of Juliet and Romeo.
And William Shakespeare 2000 is also the name that David Austin Roses has given to a variety of English red rose, full of crimson red petals, which degrade to purple, and intense perfume.
The rose well represents love, in all its facets, from the maternal one, through the romantic one to what perhaps best symbolizes it: sensuality.
The rose is a transversal flower, which transcends age, race, culture and fascinates and intrigues everyone. Who doesn’t like roses and who has never given or had one as a gift?
That’s why the rose is definitely the queen of flowers.
And like all things royal, it has ancient origins.
Citing only the fossil leaves that prove the existence of the rose already 4 million years ago, we have evidence in the Greek frescoes of the palace of Minos in Crete that the roses were already cultivated in 1800 BC.
According to classical Greek culture, the rose symbolizes fidelity and marriage and is represented in mythology together with Aphrodite, the goddess of love.
From ancient Persia the roses were then imported to Babylon, where they became with the eagle and the apple, symbol of power. They were also cultivated since 500 BC in China and throughout Central Asia.
In the Middle Ages roses were attributed healing properties and were therefore grown throughout Europe and were still widely used in the Renaissance in many varieties, unfortunately for us now lost, as a result of changing fashions and interests.
But How do you Give Roses?
Be careful because there is a very special symbolism.
They should always be given in equal numbers and if giving red and white roses together means unity, the red and yellow roses mean solidarity.
There are many different varieties of roses in many different colors and each one refers to a different meaning.
We all know the white rose as a symbol of purity and we know that the yellow one indicates jealousy.
But if your boyfriend gives you a pale yellow rose it means that he asks you to confirm your love, while if it is yellow hemmed in red he is expressing his eternal love.
Surely the red rose indicates passionate love, that coral the desire, that peach is perfect for a request for engagement, but if it is pale pink then you will be just friends.
If we want to indulge in more international varieties, we must know that the damask variety praises a perfect complexion, the Bengal variety encourages us to resist the storms of life, the Backs variety is a compliment to your beauty, the Chinese variety is an attempt at reconciliation and the Gallic variety is an invitation to meet in the moonlight.
For simple souls, let’s remember that wild roses represent innocence.
Roses: Not Only Beautiful!
But in addition to beauty, roses have the peculiarity of attracting bees and insects useful for agriculture.
Remember this when you buy them, because while these insects are essential for the healthy growth of crops, on the other hand they are very annoying. So consider where to place your rose plant.