Since ancient times, man has always tried to improve and increase his harvests by cultivating his vegetables, preparing the soil with care, with deep ploughing and cleaning of weeds.
With the use of fertilizer, he managed in some way to compensate for the lack of nutrients for his crops, and tried to build shelters, with canopies and fences, the first “greenhouses”, to be able to modify in some way the microclimate of a part of the garden used for the cultivation of more delicate crops.
Today, greenhouses for horticulture, with the availability of all the materials and tools that are in circulation, can be built or assembled in a short time both in our garden and vegetable garden.
Greenhouses For Horticulture: Function And Purpose
Greenhouses for horticulture, although they are no different from greenhouses for floriculture, are artificial structures, generally equipped with a light bearing structure (steel, aluminum or wood), and a cover, made of different materials depending on the needs (commonly, plastic, polycarbonate and glass to allow light to enter) that wraps all or most of the structure.
The main purpose of greenhouses for horticulture is not only to protect crops from hail and rain, but it is also to create a microclimate different from the outside to grow vegetables and fruits not suited to our climate and our temperatures.
Many times we also use boilers, in large productions, to be able to alter the climate inside the greenhouse and thus cultivate fruits out of season or exotic fruits, which would never grow in our places with our climate.
Greenhouses For The Garden: A Choice Adapted To Our Needs
Before buying or starting the construction of a greenhouse for a garden, you must make some considerations on some factors that can certainly influence the choice of the right greenhouse.
In choosing the ideal greenhouse for our garden, the first element to take into account is the size of the greenhouse according to the size of the land or garden available.
Another factor to keep in mind is the choice of what we want to grow, which will affect the height in the choice of our ideal greenhouse, as well as the time we can devote to this activity and especially the budget that we are willing to spend, all factors that may affect the time of purchase or construction of the ideal greenhouse.
Greenhouses For Horticulture: The Ideal Location
In addition to the size of the greenhouse, we must decide the optimal location for our greenhouse, certainly if we want to get the most out of our crops a right location can help any crop, and thus get good results.
The ideal position for any type of greenhouse for horticulture is the one in which it has the possibility to take as much light as possible during the whole day. It is preferable to have the longest sides of the greenhouse facing East and West to ensure all the possible light.
The microclimate in greenhouses for horticulture is thus modified, in addition to temperatures also the level of humidity varies, both should be controlled, in fact when the level of humidity becomes too high can proliferate fungi and mold, very harmful and dangerous not only for plants but also for us.
Airing our greenhouse frequently, at any time of year, helps to prevent such problems. The best greenhouses or, in any case, those used in the big cultivations, are provided, for this purpose, of lateral openings, of real windows which open either manually or mechanically.
In our case, being a do-it-yourself cultivation, nothing to do with large productions, we can be content to keep the appropriate openings or only the entrance open a little ‘time in the hottest hours.
Once you have decided in which portion of the garden or garden you want to build the greenhouse, and therefore you know more or less the ideal size of your greenhouse, depending on the budget available we can choose the type of structure and its coverage.
Greenhouses For Horticulture: Types
There are different types of greenhouses for horticulture on the market, from the classic tunnel greenhouses to those that have a house shape, both with different types of covers, from plastic sheeting or polycarbonate or glass. Also in this case the choice depends on the budget but also whether to leave the fixed structure in our garden or only temporarily.
Greenhouses For Horticulture: Which To Choose
We see a series of commercially available horticultural greenhouses that are worth mentioning based on their characteristics and of course also at their price.