Even during the winter months there are plants and blooms that do not retire, but that still manage to provide their contribution color, aesthetic and functional: for example, perennial plants, capable of reviving lawns, gardens and terraces.
Perennial plants have the advantage of ensuring growth that is not limited to the first 2 years. They are plants that can live long after flowering and skimming. Some are herbaceous in nature, while others are woody, some evergreen and others are not. Perennials can be varied, beautiful and fragrant, but above all they can also bloom during the winter months. Just during the coldest months some types can offer an almost magical spectacle: the snow, the frost, the crystallization of humidity, turn the normal plants into something unique, creating a captivating spectacle, especially in plants that emit berries or flowers.
There are perennials that generate fragrant flowers, able to revive your garden even when everything seems to be over, as often happens during the winter. Nature doesn’t go to rest and perennial plants are a true testimony both visual and olfactory.
As a type of species, perennials are versatile and can be seen alone, isolated, or together with other types of shrubs and plants, in the garden as well as on the terrace. In each garden there should be perennial plants, so as to alternate colors and flowering to those of a seasonal nature. Because of the different posture they can have, they adapt to perfection in different contexts.
Below we propose you 5 plants with which to decorate your home.
Anthurium scherzerianum is commonly referred to as Anturio or Anturium and is a plant of herbaceous origin. The species scherzerianum is one of the 900 existing types in the world and is a perennial and evergreen plant. The geographical origin is that of Central America, but there are also specimens in the northern part of Latin America. It can also live in areas that are not too brightly lit and this is certainly an advantage that generates the possibility of planting the Anturium in almost any position, or simply invade it to leave it outside, on the terrace of the house.
The Anthurium scherzerianum develops in a straight way and can reach a height of up to 60 cm and a width of about half, dimensions which make the potting practical. Its leaves are also beautiful: about one span long, less than 10 cm wide and dark green in colour, robust and tapered.
The flower is glossy red, bright and brilliant with a green colored spathe (some tend to yellow) and generates a very pleasant chromatic contrast with the foliage. It accepts the exterior but must be repaired, making sure that the temperature does not fall below 12 ° C. It suffers a lot from sudden changes and the location on the balcony, perhaps with indirect sunlight of the day, is an ideal position. A tip is to avoid draughts and dust flowers and leaves with a light down jacket or with a soft, damp cloth. Moreover, if the stem becomes too high, the weight of the flower and the leaf can bend it, breaking it. To avoid this, it is advisable to place a small stick in the pot that serves as a support.
Very similar in shape to a large daisy, the Gerbera jamesonii is suitable for both pot and garden cultivation. For the winter it is better to opt for the first solution as it remains more protected and less subject to intense cold. In fact, the species does not like temperatures below 5°C. The diameter of the flower can reach the 12 cm and the colour is variable depending on the typology.
From white to red, from pink to orange. All very bright colors. Its height can reach half a metre and the length of the leaves 10-12 cm, whose surface is slightly hairy (similar to a peach). It is a perennial of easy cultivation and, for some indications on the care, we recommend the guide on the do-it-yourself gerbera in the garden.
Because of its versatility, Gerbera is used a lot in flower arrangements made up of cut flowers, but is able to offer the best of itself in potted crops.
Even if it can withstand full sun exposure, it is better to place it in the shade. Avoid excessive humidity (a tip is to water every 8 days) and ensure good ventilation to avoid the formation of mold and the proliferation of fungi that create damage to the plant.
Plant that comes from the family of Plantaginaceae, typically low which can reach up to 35 cm, perennial and evergreen, with a tubular flower of purplish or pink shade. The Tetranema roseum is a plant that tends to be tender and delicate but despite this can also withstand winter temperatures, despite the fact that the origin is Mexican. The flower is also used in homeopathic medicine.
The Helleborus argutifolius is also called the Elleboro of Corsica. It is a plant derived from Ranunculaceae and is characterized by persistent leaves, leathery, with a jagged edge and decorated with clear ribs. No taller than 80-90 cm, (as many in width or a little less), the hellebore is a pleasant perennial which adapts both to cases and to gardens of different constitution, finding adaptation to different conditions of the soil, even if it prefers greasy, clayey and sandy soils with acidic or at the most neutral pH.
It adapts very well to light conditions, staying even in the shade, semi-darkness or in the sun, and in the opposite direction it can withstand temperatures below zero (down to -15°C). The only precaution to take is to place it in a position well protected from the currents. Its inflorescences, which appear in winter and spring, develop in a ramified way and are of a pale green color.
It is a herbaceous plant called creeping and is commonly known as misery herb. Beautiful when in bloom (in summer), but also decorative in winter thanks to its fleshy, purplish leaves. Its spread is prevalent in the milder areas of the country, less in places too cold.
The leaves of Tradescantia pallida are very fleshy, robust, purple or similar, but covered with a whitish down, while the flower is tending to bright pink.
The cultivation is favored by an area sheltered from the intense cold and from the direct exposure of the sun rays. In fact, it appreciates the luminous areas, but not the direct heat of the sun. Its growing soil tends to be universal, preferably sandy and the plant adapts well to the conditions of the soil.
The origin is Mexican, but despite this it can bear fairly even the winter temperatures as long as they are not too rigid.